Covid-19 Employment Status Impacts on Food Sector Workers
40 Pages Posted: 15 Jun 2020 Last revised: 18 Nov 2021
Food production and distribution is essential for human well-being, but the food sector has experienced a number of difficulties maintaining worker health and productivity during the COVID-19 pandemic. We examine employment status changes of persons recently employed in the U.S. food sector with a focus on food manufacturing and grocery stores. We find that the pandemic significantly reduced the probability of continued active employment for previous workers in both food manufacturing and grocery stores.Individual-level analysis confirms that the COVID-19 infection rate in an individual's local labor market is a strong and significant factor. The employment changes are not just due to unemployment during facility closures. Previous workers increasingly exit the labor force as the severity of the COVID-19 infection rate in their local area worsens. The considerable risk of infection drives many previous food sector workers to stop working altogether. Maintaining worker health and safety is essential for a stable food supply.
Keywords: COVID-19, coronavirus, pandemic, food sector, employment, worker safety
JEL Classification: J2, Q1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation