The Gender Dimension of Occupational Exposure to Contagion in Europe

16 Pages Posted: 15 Jun 2020 Last revised: 18 Nov 2021

See all articles by Piotr Lewandowski

Piotr Lewandowski

Institute for Structural Research (IBS)

Katarzyna Lipowska

Institute for Structural Research (IBS)

Iga Magda

Warsaw School of Economics (SGH)

Abstract

We study the gender dimension of occupational exposure to contagious diseases spread by the respiratory or close-contact route. We show that in Europe, women are more exposed to contagion, as they are more likely than men to work in occupations that require contact with diseases, frequent contact with clients, and high levels of physical proximity at work. Women are also more likely than men to be unable to work from home, which contributes to their increased exposure. Gender is a more important factor in workers' exposure to contagion than their education or age. This gender difference in exposure can be largely attributed to patterns of sectoral segregation, and to the segregation of women within sectors into occupations that require more interpersonal interactions. While workers in Southern European countries are the most exposed to contagion, the gender differences in exposure are greatest in the Nordic and Continental European countries.

Keywords: COVID-19, contagion, exposure to disease, gender, occupations, working from home

JEL Classification: J01, I10, J44

Suggested Citation

Lewandowski, Piotr and Lipowska, Katarzyna and Magda, Iga, The Gender Dimension of Occupational Exposure to Contagion in Europe. IZA Discussion Paper No. 13336, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3627036 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3627036

Piotr Lewandowski (Contact Author)

Institute for Structural Research (IBS) ( email )

Wiśniowa 40B/8, 02-520
Warsaw
Poland

Katarzyna Lipowska

Institute for Structural Research (IBS)

Wiśniowa 40B/8, 02-520
Warsaw
Poland

Iga Magda

Warsaw School of Economics (SGH) ( email )

aleja Niepodleglosci 162
PL-Warsaw, 02-554
Poland

HOME PAGE: http://www.sgh.waw.pl/prywatne/im20431/kontakt/

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