Italian Families in the 21st Century: Gender Gaps in Time Use and Their Evolution

50 Pages Posted: 15 Jun 2020 Last revised: 16 Jun 2020

See all articles by Francesca Barigozzi

Francesca Barigozzi

University of Bologna - Department of Economics

Cesare Di Timoteo

Università di Bologna - Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna

Chiara Monfardini

University of Bologna - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

We estimate gender gaps in the allocation of time by Italian adults and their trends over the years 2002-2014. We disentangle time use in weekdays and weekend days and analyse separately full-time working parents with young children, representing the subsample more mindful of gender parity. In the complete sample, the positive gap (females-males) in time devoted to Household work and the negative gap in Market work and Leisure have narrowed, while the positive gap in time devoted to Child care (Basic and Quality time together) remained constant. In 2014, family duties still appear heavily unbalanced. In the subsample, full-time working mothers devote to total work (paid and unpaid) 13 hours per week more and to Leisure 11 hours per week less than their partners. On the positive side, the gender gap in Quality child care exhibits a reversed sign, which is driven by fathers' engagement in weekend days.

Keywords: child care, gender gaps, time use, household work

JEL Classification: J13, J22, H31

Suggested Citation

Barigozzi, Francesca and Di Timoteo, Cesare and Monfardini, Chiara, Italian Families in the 21st Century: Gender Gaps in Time Use and Their Evolution. IZA Discussion Paper No. 13348, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3627049

Francesca Barigozzi (Contact Author)

University of Bologna - Department of Economics ( email )

P.zza Scaravilli 2
40126 Bologna, 40126
Italy

Cesare Di Timoteo

Università di Bologna - Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna ( email )

Bologna
Italy

Chiara Monfardini

University of Bologna - Department of Economics ( email )

Piazza Scaravilli 2
Bologna, 40126
Italy
0039 51 2098148 (Phone)
0039 51 221968 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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