What Determines Where Public Investment Goes? Regional Governance and The Role of Institutional Rules and Power

59 Pages Posted: 9 Jul 2020

See all articles by Brian An

Brian An

Georgia Institute of Technology

Raphael W. Bostic

Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta

Date Written: April 30, 2020

Abstract

As an embodiment of collaborative governance model, metropolitan planning organizations in the United States allocate federal, state, and local funds to member municipalities for transportation projects across their regions. To examine how institutional rules and power shape where public investment goes, we examine the extent to which the allocation of local voting power in regional governing policy boards influences the spatial allocation of transportation investments. Our analysis shows that the power structure of regional policy boards is consistently a major factor associated with the observed geographic distribution of investments. Moreover, the results suggest that the degree of power concentration of the dominant city in the region influences whether the remaining cities’ power matters. These results suggest that institutional governance rules may be more important than previously recognized.

Keywords: Regional governance, metropolitan politics, resource allocation, institutional power, institutional rules, transportation, regional planning

JEL Classification: R28, R58, H41, O18,

Suggested Citation

An, Brian and Bostic, Raphael W., What Determines Where Public Investment Goes? Regional Governance and The Role of Institutional Rules and Power (April 30, 2020). Public Administration Review, 2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3627929

Brian An (Contact Author)

Georgia Institute of Technology ( email )

685 Cherry St
Atlanta, GA 30332
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.brian-y-an.com

Raphael W. Bostic

Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta

1000 Peachtree Street N.E.
Atlanta, GA 30309-4470
United States

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