Immigration, Occupational Choice and Electoral Rules Theory and Evidence on Dual Ballot Openness
68 Pages Posted: 16 Jun 2020 Last revised: 29 Jun 2020
Date Written: June 2020
Do institutions affect the level of openness of immigration policies? We study theoretically and empirically how different electoral systems affect the reception of refugees, comparing Single Round Plurality with Dual Ballot systems. We focus on mayoral elections at the municipality level. Our model predicts that municipalities that elect the mayor with a Dual Ballot system receive more refugee- related fiscal transfers from
the central government and are more likely to host refugees, compared to municipalities that use a Single Round Plurality system. Using data from Italian municipalities and regression discontinuity design, we provide empirical evidence that confirms the predictions of the theoretical model.
Keywords: Electoral Rules, Immigration, Occupational choice, SPRAR
JEL Classification: D72, J24, J61, R23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation