Unequal Consequences of Covid-19 Across Age and Income: Representative Evidence from Six Countries

22 Pages Posted: 17 Jun 2020

See all articles by Michele Belot

Michele Belot

European University Institute; University of Edinburgh

Syngjoo Choi

University College London

Egon Tripodi

University of Essex; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Eline van den Broek-Altenburg

University of Vermont

Julian C. Jamison

University of Exeter Business School - Department of Economics; World Bank eMBeD (Mind, Behavior, and Development); Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL); Innovations for Poverty Action

Nicholas W. Papageorge

Johns Hopkins University Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Abstract

Covid-19 and the measures taken to contain it have led to unprecedented constraints on work and leisure activities, across the world. This paper uses nationally representative surveys to document how people of different ages and incomes have been affected across six countries (China, South Korea, Japan, Italy, UK and US). We first document changes in income/work and leisure. Second, we document self-reported negative and positive non-financial effects of the crisis. We then examine attitudes towards recommendations (wearing a mask in particular) and the approach taken by public authorities. We find similarities across countries in how people of different generations have been affected. Young people have experienced more drastic changes to their lives, and overall they are less supportive of these measures. These patterns are less clear across income groups: while some countries have managed to shield lower income individuals from negative consequences, others have not. We also show that how people have been affected by the crisis (positively or negatively) does little to explain whether or not they support measures implemented by the public authorities. Young people are overall less supportive of such measures independently of how they have been affected.

Keywords: COVID-19, inequality, age, income, cross-country comparison

JEL Classification: E24, I14, I31

Suggested Citation

Belot, Michele and Choi, Syngjoo and Tripodi, Egon and van den Broek-Altenburg, Eline and Jamison, Julian C. and Papageorge, Nicholas W., Unequal Consequences of Covid-19 Across Age and Income: Representative Evidence from Six Countries. IZA Discussion Paper No. 13366, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3628240 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3628240

Michele Belot (Contact Author)

European University Institute ( email )

Villa Schifanoia
133 via Bocaccio
Firenze (Florence), Tuscany 50014
Italy

University of Edinburgh ( email )

Old College
South Bridge
Edinburgh, Scotland EH8 9JY
United Kingdom

Syngjoo Choi

University College London ( email )

Department of Economics
Gower Street
London WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.homepages.ucl.ac.uk/~uctpsc0/

Egon Tripodi

University of Essex ( email )

Wivenhoe Park
Colchester, Essex CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://egontripodi.com

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Eline Van den Broek-Altenburg

University of Vermont

212 Kalkin Hall
Burlington, VT 05405-0158
United States

Julian C. Jamison

University of Exeter Business School - Department of Economics ( email )

Streatham Court
Exeter, EX4 4RJ
United Kingdom

World Bank eMBeD (Mind, Behavior, and Development) ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL) ( email )

30 Wadsworth Street, E53-320
77 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02142
United States

Innovations for Poverty Action ( email )

1731 Connecticut Ave, 4th floor
New Haven, CT 20009
United States

Nicholas W. Papageorge

Johns Hopkins University Department of Economics ( email )

3400 Charles Street
Baltimore, MD 21218-2685
United States

Do you have negative results from your research you’d like to share?

Paper statistics

Downloads
101
Abstract Views
609
Rank
463,027
PlumX Metrics