Do Women Contribute More Effort than Men to a Real Public Good?

57 Pages Posted: 10 Jul 2020

See all articles by Ingela Alger

Ingela Alger

University of Toulouse 1 - Toulouse School of Economics (TSE); CNRS UMR 5314 TSE-R; Institute for Advanced Study in Toulouse

Date Written: January 28, 2020

Abstract

We present evidence from a lab-in-the-field experiment, conducted in eight small, rural villages in Mexico, in which subjects choose to exert real effort to fund real health centers in their own and other localities. We find that women are more willing than men to exert effort to fund the health center in another locality, relative to the one in their locality. This gender gap is mostly due to women who have some trust in the way the government spends taxes, and to women who benefit from a government program that targets women and fosters health care use. Our results also suggest that women might be aware of their higher willingness to exert effort for a public good that does not benefit them directly, compared to men, because they seem to reduce their individual effort the more female their environment is.

Keywords: public goods, gender, lab-in-the-field experiment, real effort, in- vs out-group transfers

JEL Classification: H41, C91, O12

Suggested Citation

Alger, Ingela, Do Women Contribute More Effort than Men to a Real Public Good? (January 28, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3629551 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3629551

Ingela Alger (Contact Author)

University of Toulouse 1 - Toulouse School of Economics (TSE) ( email )

Place Anatole-France
Toulouse Cedex, F-31042
France

CNRS UMR 5314 TSE-R ( email )

France

Institute for Advanced Study in Toulouse ( email )

31015 Toulouse, Cedex 6
France

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