An Individual-based Network Model Explains Neanderthal Extinction through Competitive Exclusion

18 Pages Posted: 13 Jul 2020

See all articles by Kerim Keskin

Kerim Keskin

ADA University

Kadir Özgür

Independent Researcher

Cagri Saglam

Bilkent University

Date Written: June 19, 2020

Abstract

This paper presents a social/economic explanation for the Neanderthals' demise, along similar lines with the competitive exclusion theory, by considering the differences in both species' social structures and showing how those differences influenced the competition between them. Individuals are represented as the nodes of a network such that each link corresponds to an acquaintanceship between the respective nodes. We rely on the findings that Sapiens had superior social skills and social structure compared to Neanderthals; and running individual-based simulations, we illustrate how both species' social structures asymmetrically evolved and how such an evolution favored Sapiens in their competition against Neanderthals.

Keywords: Neanderthals, Neanderthal extinction, competitive exclusion, Homo sapiens, networks, social structure, hunting and gathering

Suggested Citation

Keskin, Kerim and Özgür, Kadir and Saglam, Cagri, An Individual-based Network Model Explains Neanderthal Extinction through Competitive Exclusion (June 19, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3631200 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3631200

Kerim Keskin (Contact Author)

ADA University ( email )

11 Ahmedbay Aghaoglu
Baki, AZ 1008
Baku, AZ 1008
Azerbaijan

Kadir Özgür

Independent Researcher ( email )

Cagri Saglam

Bilkent University ( email )

Bilkent, Ankara 06533
Turkey

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
26
Abstract Views
137
PlumX Metrics