The Intergenerational Transmission of Opioid Dependence: Evidence from Administrative Data

23 Pages Posted: 22 Jun 2020

See all articles by Alexander Ahammer

Alexander Ahammer

Johannes Kepler University Linz - Department of Economics

Martin Halla

Johannes Kepler University Linz - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

To address the opioid crisis, it is crucial to understand its origins. We provide evidence for the intergenerational transmission of opioid dependence. Our analysis is based on administrative data covering the universe of Austrian births from 1984 to 1990. We consider prescription opioids and have a close proxy for addiction to illicit opioids. We find that, if at least one parent is using illicit opioids, the likelihood of the child using increases from 1.1 to 6.1%. For prescription opioids, we observe an increase from 4.6 to 7.7%. Both associations are stable and do not change when controlling for environmental variables.

Keywords: opioids, prescription opioids, illicit opioids, heroin, addiction, drug abuse, intergenerational transmission, intergenerational correlation

JEL Classification: I12, I14, I18, J62

Suggested Citation

Ahammer, Alexander and Halla, Martin, The Intergenerational Transmission of Opioid Dependence: Evidence from Administrative Data. IZA Discussion Paper No. 13395, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3631606

Alexander Ahammer (Contact Author)

Johannes Kepler University Linz - Department of Economics ( email )

Altenbergerstrasse 69
A-4040 Linz, 4040
Austria

HOME PAGE: http://www.econ.jku.at/ahammer/

Martin Halla

Johannes Kepler University Linz - Department of Economics ( email )

Altenbergerstrasse 69
A-4040 Linz, 4040
Austria

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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