General Multilevel Monte Carlo Methods for Pricing Discretely Monitored Asian Options
European Journal of Operational Research, 2020
Posted: 14 Jul 2020
Date Written: May 19, 2020
We describe general multilevel Monte Carlo methods that estimate the price of an Asian option monitored at m fixed dates. For a variety of processes that can be simulated exactly, we prove that, for the same computational cost, our method yields an unbiased estimator with variance lower than the variance of the standard Monte Carlo estimator by a factor of order m. We show how to combine our approach with the Milstein scheme for processes driven by scalar stochastic differential equations, and with the Euler scheme for processes driven by multidimensional stochastic differential equations. Numerical experiments confirm that our method outperforms the conventional Monte Carlo algorithm by a factor proportional to m.
Keywords: Finance, Simulation, Asian option, Multilevel Monte Carlo method, Variance reduction
JEL Classification: C63,G13
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