Corporate Governance and Performance in Sports Organisations: The Case of UK Premier Leagues
Malagila, J.K., Zalata, A.M., Ntim, C.G., and Elamer, A.A. (2020). Corporate Governance and Performance in Sports Organisations: The Case of UK Premier Leagues. International Journal of Finance and Economics, Forthcoming.
31 Pages Posted: 14 Jul 2020
Date Written: June 21, 2020
A considerable amount of accounting, economics and finance studies have investigated the link between corporate governance (CG) and performance in profit and non-profit organisations. This paper departs from the existing literature by investigating the relationship between CG structures and both financial performance (FP, measured as return on assets (ROA) and equity (ROE)) and non-financial performance, measured as league points won (NFP-Points), of sports organisations with specific focus on UK premier leagues’ football (soccer) teams.We collect data relating to CG structures, FP and NFP-Points of football clubs playing in the four UK premier leagues in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales along with the English Championship teams over the 2011-2016 period. We analyse our data relating to 80 football clubs over a 6-year period (generating 397 club-year observations) by running a number of multivariate analyses to test our hypotheses. Our findings are as follows. First, we find that NFP-Points is higher in clubs with larger boards, non-executive directors (NED), CEO role duality, and higher percentage of foreign and/or younger directors, but lower in firms with higher percentage of female directors. Second and by contrast, we find that the relationship between these same set of variables and FP is, however, insignificant except for boards with NED that remained significant and negatively related to ROA. Our findings appear to reflect the prioritisation of on-the-field performance over off-the-field performance by sports organisations. Our evidence is largely robust to using alternative measures and estimation models.
Keywords: economics and finance; corporate governance and performance; popular sport organisations; football/soccer; premier leagues; UK
JEL Classification: G3; G34; G38
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation