Month-of-Birth Effects on Skills and Skill Formation

62 Pages Posted: 11 Aug 2020

See all articles by Shintaro Yamaguchi

Shintaro Yamaguchi

University of Tokyo - Graduate School of Economics

Hirotake Ito

Keio University - Faculty of School and Media Governance

Makiko Nakamuro

Keio University

Date Written: July 11, 2020

Abstract

We estimate month-of-birth effects on cognitive and noncognitive skills, as well as factors relevant to skill formation. Our estimates indicate that younger students in a given grade cohort have lower cognitive and noncognitive skills. To shed light on the underlying mechanisms, we also examine children's time use and interpersonal relationships. We find evidence of compensatory investment in cognitive skills by younger children, however, they are also more likely to have poor-quality relationships with their classmates and teachers, which may harm the long-term development of noncognitive skills. Our findings on skill formation have implications for efficiency and equity.

Keywords: relative age effect, cognitive skill, non-cognitive skill

JEL Classification: I210, I240, J24

Suggested Citation

Yamaguchi, Shintaro and Ito, Hirotake and Nakamuro, Makiko, Month-of-Birth Effects on Skills and Skill Formation (July 11, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3632546 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3632546

Shintaro Yamaguchi (Contact Author)

University of Tokyo - Graduate School of Economics ( email )

Tokyo
Japan

Hirotake Ito

Keio University - Faculty of School and Media Governance ( email )

5322 Endoh
Fujisawa-city
Kanagawa, 252-8520
Japan

Makiko Nakamuro

Keio University

2-15-45 Mita
Minato-ku
Tokyo, 108-8345
Japan

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