Month-of-Birth Effects on Skills and Skill Formation
62 Pages Posted: 11 Aug 2020
Date Written: July 11, 2020
We estimate month-of-birth effects on cognitive and noncognitive skills, as well as factors relevant to skill formation. Our estimates indicate that younger students in a given grade cohort have lower cognitive and noncognitive skills. To shed light on the underlying mechanisms, we also examine children's time use and interpersonal relationships. We find evidence of compensatory investment in cognitive skills by younger children, however, they are also more likely to have poor-quality relationships with their classmates and teachers, which may harm the long-term development of noncognitive skills. Our findings on skill formation have implications for efficiency and equity.
Keywords: relative age effect, cognitive skill, non-cognitive skill
JEL Classification: I210, I240, J24
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