Monitoring and Tax Planning – Evidence from State-Owned Enterprises
36 Pages Posted: 26 Jun 2020 Last revised: 11 Sep 2021
Date Written: September 9, 2021
This study provides new evidence on the association of state ownership and tax planning by showing that a shareholder’s monitoring incentives affect a firm’s tax planning. Using the unique setting of the German fiscal federalism, where both the federal and local governments levy a significant corporate income tax, we distinguish between state owners that directly benefit from state-owned enterprises’ (SOEs’) income tax payments and those that do not. Our results indicate that state ownership is associated with less tax planning, but only for SOEs where the state owner directly benefits from higher tax payments. These results are robust to various specifications and suggest that shareholders’ monitoring incentives are a determinant of a firm’s tax planning activities. Our findings provide timely evidence on the current debate of the potential tax effects stemming from increases in state ownership around the world due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Keywords: tax avoidance, monitoring, ownership Structure, state owned enterprises
JEL Classification: G30, G32, H26, H71
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation