Understanding How State Fixed Effects Explain Municipal Reserve Balances

29 Pages Posted: 15 Jul 2020

See all articles by Kawika Pierson

Kawika Pierson

Willamette University - Atkinson Graduate School of Management; affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jon Thompson

Willamette University - Public Policy Research Center

Fred Thompson

Willamette University - Atkinson Graduate School of Management

Date Written: August 21, 2019

Abstract

It is puzzling that the single most important explanatory variable for municipal reserves is the state in which a municipality is located. In this paper we leverage a broad panel of US municipalities to show that a pair of behavioral heuristics: anchoring and the bandwagon effect, are an excellent explanation for the state effect, and for municipal reserves. It appears that when it comes to deciding on how much to save, cities target the levels of savings they held in the past, adjusting for the savings levels of their neighbors.

Keywords: Municipal Revenue and Expenditures, Municipal Savings, Unrestricted Fund Balances, Behavioral Public Finance, Anchoring, Bandwagon Effect

JEL Classification: H71, R51, G41

Suggested Citation

Pierson, Kawika and Thompson, Thompson and Thompson, Fred, Understanding How State Fixed Effects Explain Municipal Reserve Balances (August 21, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3633533 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3633533

Kawika Pierson

Willamette University - Atkinson Graduate School of Management ( email )

900 State Street
Salem, OR 97301
United States

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Thompson Thompson

Willamette University - Public Policy Research Center ( email )

900 State Street
Salem, OR 97301
United States

Fred Thompson (Contact Author)

Willamette University - Atkinson Graduate School of Management ( email )

900 State Street
Salem, OR 97301
United States
503-370-6228 (Phone)
503-370-3011 (Fax)

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