Liquidity Creation, Investment, and Growth
70 Pages Posted: 16 Jul 2020 Last revised: 27 Jul 2021
Date Written: June 24, 2020
Using panel analysis for a large cross-section of countries, we find that liquidity creation by banks is positively associated with economic growth at country and industry levels. Liquidity creation boosts tangible, but not intangible investment and does not contribute to growth in countries with a high share of industries reliant on intangible assets. These findings are consistent with a theoretical model in which liquidity creation fosters investment only if it is sufficiently tangible. Our results shed light on important heterogeneities in the role of banks in the economic development process and their limited role in countries’ transition to knowledge economies.
Keywords: Asset tangibility, banking sector development, economic growth, investment, liquidity creation
JEL Classification: E22, G21, O16, O40
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