Fair Representation in Primaries: Heterogeneity and the New Hampshire Effect
69 Pages Posted: 30 Jun 2020 Last revised: 3 Feb 2021
Date Written: June 25, 2020
In sequential primaries, fair representation of the electorate may be undermined by the New Hampshire effect. Simultaneous primaries address fair representation, but may increase expenditures. We analyze these issues by studying heterogeneity in sequential and simultaneous contests. If a player is stronger in every battle (e.g., a candidate is favorite by the entire electorate), then expenditures are smaller in sequential than in simultaneous contests, as in the literature for homogeneous players, and the stronger player is more likely to win in sequential than simultaneous contests. However, if players' advantages alternate across battles, then expenditures may be greater in sequential than in simultaneous contests, and the player who has the advantage later in sequential contest is more likely to win: dynamics affect representation. We interpret our results in light of the candidates' advantages due to states' demographics in the 2020 US primaries and discuss novel testable implications of our analysis.
Keywords: C72, D72, D74, D82
JEL Classification: contests, momentum effect, temporal structures
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation