Racial Resentment or Sexism? White Americans’ Outgroup Attitudes as Predictors of Gun Ownership & NRA Membership

37 Pages Posted: 17 Jul 2020

See all articles by Alexandra Filindra

Alexandra Filindra

University of Illinois at Chicago

Noah Kaplan

Independent

Beyza Buyuker

University of Illinois at Chicago

Date Written: June 25, 2020

Abstract

Problem: Gun ownership is a key predictor of gun policy preferences, political advocacy on behalf of gun rights, and political engagement. Theories have linked both racial and gender ideologies to gun ownership among white Americans but the evidence is spotty. Statistical analyses provide some limited confirmation that racial resentment is a key predictor of gun ownership, but the role of sexism has not been tested quantitatively especially in conjunction with racial resentment.

Procedures: We use the 2004-2016 ANES and a 2015 Gun Survey to statistically test the relative importance of racial resentment and sexism in predicting gun ownership, rationales for owning firearms, and NRA membership among whites.

Findings: We find strong evidence that racial resentment is associated with gun ownership, rationales for owning firearms, and NRA membership, but the results for sexism are generally not consistent with expectations.

Keywords: Gun Ownership, Racial Prejudice, Sexism, NRA Membership

Suggested Citation

Filindra, Alexandra and Kaplan, Noah J. and Buyuker, Beyza, Racial Resentment or Sexism? White Americans’ Outgroup Attitudes as Predictors of Gun Ownership & NRA Membership (June 25, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3635757 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3635757

Alexandra Filindra (Contact Author)

University of Illinois at Chicago ( email )

1102 Behavioral Science Building (BSB)
Chicago, IL 60607-7137
United States

Noah J. Kaplan

Independent ( email )

Beyza Buyuker

University of Illinois at Chicago ( email )

Chicago, IL
United States

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