Racial Resentment or Sexism? White Americans’ Outgroup Attitudes as Predictors of Gun Ownership & NRA Membership
37 Pages Posted: 17 Jul 2020
Date Written: June 25, 2020
Problem: Gun ownership is a key predictor of gun policy preferences, political advocacy on behalf of gun rights, and political engagement. Theories have linked both racial and gender ideologies to gun ownership among white Americans but the evidence is spotty. Statistical analyses provide some limited confirmation that racial resentment is a key predictor of gun ownership, but the role of sexism has not been tested quantitatively especially in conjunction with racial resentment.
Procedures: We use the 2004-2016 ANES and a 2015 Gun Survey to statistically test the relative importance of racial resentment and sexism in predicting gun ownership, rationales for owning firearms, and NRA membership among whites.
Findings: We find strong evidence that racial resentment is associated with gun ownership, rationales for owning firearms, and NRA membership, but the results for sexism are generally not consistent with expectations.
Keywords: Gun Ownership, Racial Prejudice, Sexism, NRA Membership
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