Occupational Regulation in Russia

Labor Law Journal, 2020

31 Pages Posted: 17 Jul 2020

See all articles by Ilya Kukaev

Ilya Kukaev

Lehigh University

Robert J. Thornton

Lehigh University - College of Business

Pavel Baryshnikov

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Edward Timmons

West Virginia University - Department of Economics

Date Written: June 2020

Abstract

The past several years has witnessed a growing concern expressed by some economists and policymakers over the scope and strictness of occupational regulation — especially licensing. But so far studies of occupational regulation and its effects have focused on only a few countries, generally market economies such as the U.S. and the EU. Except for Poland and China, no studies have been done for transition economies. Russia is one such economy. This paper describes and analyzes the Russian system of occupational regulation. Our analysis shows that there are two major levels of regulation, namely certification and licensing. The former is done through educational certificates and the latter through laws that set mandatory requirements for entering an occupation. The paper also describes a unique institution, self-regulatory organizations (SROs), which are currently shifting the burden of regulation from government to the industry level. Finally, the paper identifies those licensed occupations in Russia and describes their various licensing requirements. It also draws comparisons between the Russian occupational regulatory system and that of the U.S.

Keywords: occupational licensing

JEL Classification: J44

Suggested Citation

Kukaev, Ilya and Thornton, Robert J. and Baryshnikov, Pavel and Timmons, Edward, Occupational Regulation in Russia (June 2020). Labor Law Journal, 2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3635768

Ilya Kukaev

Lehigh University ( email )

621 Taylor Street
Bethlehem, PA 18015
United States

Robert J. Thornton

Lehigh University - College of Business ( email )

Bethlehem, PA 18015
United States
610-758-3460 (Phone)
610-758-4677 (Fax)

Pavel Baryshnikov

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Edward Timmons (Contact Author)

West Virginia University - Department of Economics ( email )

Morgantown, WV 26506
United States

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