Policy, Partisanship, and Pay: Diverging COVID-19 Responses in Indonesia
13 Pages Posted: 28 Jun 2020
Date Written: June 26, 2020
Results from a nationally representative telephone panel survey of 2,000 adult Indonesians conducted from 19 to 22 May by Indikator indicate that local social-distancing policies, social class, and political partisanship affect how Indonesians experience the COVID-19 pandemic and what they believe about the government’s response. In particular:
1. Economic disruptions are hitting low-paid workers most. Better-paid Indonesians are experiencing few employment changes, while the worst-paid are seeing their incomes dry up.
2. Fear levels are much higher among the lowest-paid Indonesians. They report higher rates of life disruption and greater health precautions. Most respondents report taking health precautions, but there are important partisan differences.
3. The potential “work from home” population is negligible. Higher-income workers are the most likely to report not staying at home more, a result driven by their continued employment.
4. Evaluations of provincial and presidential pandemic response are generally favorable, with some partisan differences. The health ministry scores poorly.
5. Where there have been conflicts between local and national health authorities, partisanship is a much stronger predictor of respondents’ evaluations. Greater compliance may be achieved by giving popular governors more freedom to set restrictive local lockdown policies.
Keywords: coronavirus, COVID-19, partisanship, Indonesia
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