The Socioeconomic Spillovers of Sanitation: Sewage Treatment Plants in Navi Mumbai, India

Asian Development Bank, May 2020

23 Pages Posted: 20 Jul 2020 Last revised: 21 Jul 2020

See all articles by KE Seetha Ram

KE Seetha Ram

University of Tokyo; Asian Development Bank Institute; National University of Singapore (NUS) - Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy

Date Written: May 28, 2020

Abstract

This case study presents the socioeconomic spillover effects and results of a technical evaluation of the sanitation program of Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation (NMMC) in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. To understand the technical, economic, and sociological spillover effects of the NMMC’s implemented STP, we study the (i) innovative policy option of decision makers; (ii) stringent design criteria; (iii) innovative construction techniques adopted during execution; (iv) continuous monitoring of the sewage (influent and effluent) quality; and (v) associated sociological data such as the reported health condition, increase in land values, and the number of people migrated to the area near the STP. We obtain lessons from the technical difficulties and solutions and the effect of the sanitation policy on socioeconomic improvement, which policy makers may adopt in implementing large-scale sanitation projects in other parts of the country.

Suggested Citation

Seetha Ram, KE, The Socioeconomic Spillovers of Sanitation: Sewage Treatment Plants in Navi Mumbai, India (May 28, 2020). Asian Development Bank, May 2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3637163

KE Seetha Ram (Contact Author)

University of Tokyo ( email )

Yayoi 1-1-1
Bunkyo-ku
Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8657
Japan

Asian Development Bank Institute ( email )

Kasumigaseki Building 8F
3-2-5, Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku
Tokyo, 100-6008
Japan

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy ( email )

Singapore 117591
Singapore

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