Unequal Consequences of Covid 19 Across Age and Income: Representative Evidence from Six Countries

24 Pages Posted: 29 Jun 2020

See all articles by Michele Belot

Michele Belot

European University Institute; University of Edinburgh

Syngjoo Choi

Seoul National University

Julian C. Jamison

University of Exeter Business School - Department of Economics; World Bank eMBeD (Mind, Behavior, and Development); Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL); Innovations for Poverty Action

Nicholas W. Papageorge

Johns Hopkins University Department of Economics

Egon Tripodi

European University Institute - Economics Department (ECO); University of Bonn - Department of Economics

Eline van den Broek-Altenburg

University of Vermont

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: June 2020

Abstract

Covid-19 and the measures taken to contain it have led to unprecedented constraints on work and leisure activities, across the world. This paper uses nationally representative surveys to document how people of different ages and incomes have been affected across six countries (China, South Korea, Japan, Italy, UK and US). We first document changes in income/work and leisure. Second, we document self-reported negative and positive non-financial effects of the crisis. We then examine attitudes towards recommendations (wearing a mask in particular) and the approach taken by public authorities. We find similarities across countries in how people of different generations have been affected. Young people have experienced more drastic changes to their lives, and overall they are less supportive of these measures. These patterns are less clear across income groups: while some countries have managed to shield lower income individuals from negative consequences, others have not. We also show that how people have been affected by the crisis (positively or negatively) does little to explain whether or not they support measures implemented by the public authorities. Young people are overall less supportive of such measures independently of how they have been affected.

Keywords: age, COVID, Cross-country comparisons, Income, Inequalities, leisure, Work

JEL Classification: I14, J11

Suggested Citation

Belot, Michele and Choi, Syngjoo and Jamison, Julian C. and Papageorge, Nicholas W. and Tripodi, Egon and van den Broek-Altenburg, Eline, Unequal Consequences of Covid 19 Across Age and Income: Representative Evidence from Six Countries (June 2020). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP14908, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3638012

Michele Belot (Contact Author)

European University Institute ( email )

Villa Schifanoia
133 via Bocaccio
Firenze (Florence), Tuscany 50014
Italy

University of Edinburgh ( email )

Old College
South Bridge
Edinburgh, Scotland EH8 9JY
United Kingdom

Syngjoo Choi

Seoul National University ( email )

Kwanak-gu
Seoul, 151-742
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Julian C. Jamison

University of Exeter Business School - Department of Economics ( email )

Streatham Court
Exeter, EX4 4RJ
United Kingdom

World Bank eMBeD (Mind, Behavior, and Development) ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL) ( email )

30 Wadsworth Street, E53-320
77 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02142
United States

Innovations for Poverty Action ( email )

1731 Connecticut Ave, 4th floor
New Haven, CT 20009
United States

Nicholas W. Papageorge

Johns Hopkins University Department of Economics ( email )

3400 Charles Street
Baltimore, MD 21218-2685
United States

Egon Tripodi

European University Institute - Economics Department (ECO) ( email )

Via delle Fontanelle, 18
Firenze (Florence), Tuscany 50014
Italy

University of Bonn - Department of Economics ( email )

Bonn
Germany

Eline Van den Broek-Altenburg

University of Vermont

212 Kalkin Hall
Burlington, VT 05405-0158
United States

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