Drivers of COVID-19 Stay at Home Orders: Epidemiologic, Economic, or Political Concerns?

20 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2020 Last revised: 14 Aug 2020

See all articles by Lea-Rachel D. Kosnik

Lea-Rachel D. Kosnik

University of Missouri at Saint Louis - Department of Economics

Allen Bellas

Metropolitan State University - College of Management

Date Written: June 29, 2020

Abstract

What factors affected whether or not a U.S. state governor issued a state-wide stay-at-home order in response to the COVID-19 pandemic of early 2020? Once issued, what factors affected the length of this stay-at-home order? Using duration analysis, we test a number of epidemiological, economic, and political factors for their impact on a state governor’s decision to ultimately issue, and then terminate, blanket stay-at-home orders across the 50 U.S. states. Results indicate that while epidemiologic and economic variables had some impact on the delay to initiation and length of the stay-at-home orders, political factors dominated both the initiation and ultimate duration of stay-at-home orders across the United States.

Keywords: COVID-19, pandemic, stay at home order, public policy, health, coronavirus

JEL Classification: H7, I1

Suggested Citation

Kosnik, Lea-Rachel D. and Bellas, Allen, Drivers of COVID-19 Stay at Home Orders: Epidemiologic, Economic, or Political Concerns? (June 29, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3638501 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3638501

Lea-Rachel D. Kosnik (Contact Author)

University of Missouri at Saint Louis - Department of Economics ( email )

8001 Natural Bridge Road
St Louis, MO 63121
United States
314-516-5564 (Phone)
314-516-5352 (Fax)

Allen Bellas

Metropolitan State University - College of Management ( email )

Management Education Center
1300 Harmon Pl
Minneapolis, MN 55403
United States

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