Drivers of COVID-19 Stay at Home Orders: Epidemiologic, Economic, or Political Concerns?
20 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2020 Last revised: 14 Aug 2020
Date Written: June 29, 2020
What factors affected whether or not a U.S. state governor issued a state-wide stay-at-home order in response to the COVID-19 pandemic of early 2020? Once issued, what factors affected the length of this stay-at-home order? Using duration analysis, we test a number of epidemiological, economic, and political factors for their impact on a state governor’s decision to ultimately issue, and then terminate, blanket stay-at-home orders across the 50 U.S. states. Results indicate that while epidemiologic and economic variables had some impact on the delay to initiation and length of the stay-at-home orders, political factors dominated both the initiation and ultimate duration of stay-at-home orders across the United States.
Keywords: COVID-19, pandemic, stay at home order, public policy, health, coronavirus
JEL Classification: H7, I1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation