Drivers of Financial Access: The Role of Macroprudential Policies
42 Pages Posted: 30 Jun 2020
Date Written: May 2020
This study analyzes the drivers of the use of formal vs. informal financial services in emerging and developing countries using the 2017 Global FINDEX data. In particular, we investigate whether individuals' choice of financial services correlates with macro-financial and macro-structural policies and conditions, in addition to individual and country characteristics. We start our analysis on middle and low-income countries, and then zoom in on sub-Saharan Africa, currently the region that most relies on informal financial services, and which has the largest uptake of mobile banking. We find robust evidence of an association between macroprudential policies and individuals' choice of financial access after controlling for personal and country-level characteristics. In particular, macroprudential policies aimed at controlling credit supply seem to be associated with greater resort to informal financial services compared with formal, bank-based access. This highlights the importance for central bankers and financial sector regulators to consider the potential spillovers of monetary policy and financial stability measures on financial inclusion.
Keywords: Financial and Monetary Sector, Central banking and monetary issues, Financial services industry, Financial services, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Financial inclusion, formal financial services, informal financial services, mobile banking, sub-Saharan Africa, WP, formal access, mobile bank, mobile financial service, financial development, logit model
JEL Classification: D14, E26, E44, E52, G21, E01, G2, L31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation