Can Technology Solve the Principal-Agent Problem? Evidence from China’s War on Air Pollution
47 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2020
Date Written: June 29, 2020
We examine the introduction of automatic air pollution monitoring, which is a central feature of China’s “war on pollution.” Exploiting 654 regression discontinuity designs based on city-level variation in the day that monitoring was automated, we find that reported PM10 concentrations increased by 35% immediately post–automation and were sustained. City-level variation in underreporting is negatively correlated with income per capita and positively correlated with true pre-automation PM10 concentrations. Further, automation’s introduction increased online searches for face masks and air filters, suggesting that the biased and imperfect pre-automation information imposed welfare costs by leading to suboptimal purchases of protective goods.
Keywords: Technology, Automation, Air Pollution, China, Monitoring and Surveillance, Moral Hazard, Data Quality
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