The Dynamics of Earnings Management in IPOs and the Role of Venture Capital
CARVALHO, A. G. ; Pinheiro, Roberto ; SAMPAIO, J. O. . The Dynamics of Earnings Management in IPOs and the Role of Venture Capital. RESEARCH IN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS AND FINANCE, v. 2, p. 16, 2019.
31 Pages Posted: 22 Jul 2020
Date Written: 2019
We investigate the dynamics of earnings management (EM) in IPOs and the role of venture capitalist (VC) in hampering such practice. We study the behavior of EM in four phases: Pre-IPO, IPO, Lock-up and Post-lock-up. We find that VC-sponsored firms tend to do more EM in the Pre-IPO period, and less in two subsequent periods. These results are distinct for those of Wongsunwai (2013), for which, VC-sponsored firms do less EM only in the IPO period. We also find that VC and non-VC-sponsored firms do EM around the IPO in distinct fashions. Non-VC-sponsored firms inflate earnings during the IPO period and deflate in the Lock-up and Post-lock-up periods. VC-sponsored firms inflate earnings in the Pre-IPO period and deflate earnings only in the Lock-up period. Our results are robust with respect to how one measures EM and the statistical methods used.
Keywords: Earnings Management, IPO, Venture Capital
JEL Classification: G24, G30, M41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation