Auto-Correlation of Returns in Major Cryptocurrency Markets
11 Pages Posted: 25 Jul 2020 Last revised: 11 Aug 2020
Date Written: March 31, 2020
This paper is the first of a series of short articles that explore the efficiency of major cryptocurrency markets. A number of statistical tests and properties of statistical distributions will be used to assess if cryptocurrency markets are efficient, and how their efficiency changes over time. In this paper, we analyze auto-correlation of returns in major cryptocurrency markets using the following methods: Pearson’s auto-correlation coefficient of different orders, Ljung-Box test, and first-order Pearson’s auto-correlation coefficient in a rolling window. All experiments are conducted on the BTC/USD, ETH/USD, ETH/BTC markets on Bitfinex exchange, and the XBT/USD market on Bitmex exchange, each on 5-minute, 1-hour, 1-day, and 1-week time frames. The results are represented visually on charts. Statistically significant auto-correlation is persistently present on the 5m and 1H time frames on all markets. The tests disagree on the 1D and 1W time frames. The results of this article are fully reproducible. Used datasets, source code, and a runnable Jupyter Notebook are available on GitHub.
Keywords: Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency, Auto-correlation, Efficient Market Hypothesis
JEL Classification: C01, G12, G14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation