Who Takes the Ecb's Targeted Funding?
48 Pages Posted: 7 Jul 2020
Date Written: July, 2020
This paper investigates motives of banks to borrow funds from the ECB through its first two series of targeted longer-term refinancing operations (TLTROs) allotted between September 2014 and March 2017. We quantify that the top-three parameters that determine banks’ take-up decisions are the price of the operation, the amount of eligible collateral of the bank, and the composition of that collateral. In particular, the opportunity for banks to transform their less liquid assets partly into liquid central bank reserves by pledging these assets as collateral with the central bank is a strong motive for take-up and suggests that accepting a broad set of collateral was important for the monetary easing provided by TLTROs. In addition, we find that the conditions attached to TLTRO participation and take-up played an important role in creating broad-based participation across banks of different financial strength and size.
Keywords: dynamic tobit panel, funding for lending, monetary policy operations, take-up behaviour, targeted longer-term refinancing operations
JEL Classification: C23, C24, E52, E58, G21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation