Gender and Climate Action

29 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2020

See all articles by Niklas Elert

Niklas Elert

HFI, Institute of Retail Economics

Erik Lundin

Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 7, 2020


It is well-known that men and women differ in their views regarding the severity of climate change, but do they also differ in their support for climate policy and in undertaking climate action? Previous evidence on this question is inconsistent, but unique survey data from the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency enable us to answer it in the affirmative. Swedish women worry more about climate change and perceive it to be a bigger threat than men do. Furthermore, women report a greater support than men for policies to mitigate climate change through political interventions, and also undertake more voluntary actions to achieve this goal. More generally, the results suggest that women and men differ in their willingness to alter behavior and support policy to help mitigate other large scale crises, such as global pandemics.

Keywords: Climate change, public opinion, gender, environmental beliefs

JEL Classification: H23, O44, Q54, Q58, J16

Suggested Citation

Elert, Niklas and Lundin, Erik, Gender and Climate Action (July 7, 2020). IFN Working Paper No. 1332, Available at SSRN: or

Niklas Elert (Contact Author)

HFI, Institute of Retail Economics ( email )


Erik Lundin

Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) ( email )

Box 55665
Grevgatan 34, 2nd floor
Stockholm, SE-102 15
+46707525847 (Phone)


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