Volatility Model Calibration with Neural Networks a Comparison between Direct and Indirect Methods
14 Pages Posted: 4 Aug 2020
Date Written: July 7, 2020
In a recent paper "Deep Learning Volatility" a fast 2-step deep calibration algorithm for rough volatility models was proposed: in the first step the time consuming mapping from the model parameter to the implied volatilities is learned by a neural network and in the second step standard solver techniques are used to find the best model parameter.
In our paper we compare these results with an alternative direct approach where the the mapping from market implied volatilities to model parameters is approximated by the neural network, without the need for an extra solver step. Using a whitening procedure and a projection of the target parameter to [0,1], in order to be able to use a sigmoid type output function we found that the direct approach outperforms the two-step one for the data sets and methods published in "Deep Learning Volatility".
For our implementation we use the open source tensorflow 2 library. The paper should be understood as a technical comparison of neural network techniques and not as an methodically new Ansatz.
Keywords: Deep Learning, Machine Learning, Volatility Model Calibration
JEL Classification: C45
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