Job Growth from Opportunity Zones

53 Pages Posted: 4 Aug 2020 Last revised: 17 Nov 2020

See all articles by Alina Arefeva

Alina Arefeva

UW Madison - Wisconsin School Business

Morris A. Davis

Rutgers Business School

Andra C. Ghent

University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Finance Area

Minseon Park

University of Wisconsin - Madison - Univeristy of Wisconsin-Madison

Date Written: November 16, 2020

Abstract

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 established a new program called Opportunity Zones (OZs) that created tax advantages for investing in businesses or real estate in a limited number of low-income Census tracts. We use a census of establishment-level data on employment to identify the effect of the program on job creation. We show that in metropolitan areas, the OZ designation increased employment growth relative to comparable tracts by between 3.0 and 4.5 percentage points and new jobs were created across many different industries and education levels. The OZ designation did not create jobs in rural areas.

Keywords: Placed-Based Policies, Opportunity Zones, Tax Incentives

JEL Classification: H73, R30, R38, G11, G18

Suggested Citation

Arefeva, Alina and Davis, Morris A. and Ghent, Andra C. and Park, Minseon, Job Growth from Opportunity Zones (November 16, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3645507 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3645507

Alina Arefeva

UW Madison - Wisconsin School Business ( email )

975 University Avenue
Madison, WI 53706
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.aarefeva.com

Morris A. Davis

Rutgers Business School ( email )

Rutgers Business School
One Washington Park #1092
Newark, NJ 07102
United States

Andra C. Ghent (Contact Author)

University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Finance Area ( email )

Kenan-Flagler Business School
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3490
United States

Minseon Park

University of Wisconsin - Madison - Univeristy of Wisconsin-Madison ( email )

1300 Linden Dr
Madison, WI 53706
United States

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