Immigration Policy and Immigrants' Sleep: Evidence from Daca

34 Pages Posted: 14 Jul 2020

See all articles by Osea Giuntella

Osea Giuntella

University of Oxford

Jakub Lonsky

University of Pittsburgh

Fabrizio Mazzonna

University of Lugano - Institute of Microeconomics and Public Economics; Munich Center for the Economics of Ageing (MEA); Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy

Luca Stella

Bocconi University; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

Stress is associated with sleep problems. And poor sleep is linked with mental health and depression symptoms. The stress associated with immigrant status and immigration policy can directly affect mental health. While previous studies have documented a significant relationship between immigration policy and the physical and mental health of immigrants, we know little about the effects that immigration policy may have on immigrants' sleep patterns. Exploiting the approval of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) in 2012, we study how immigrants' sleep behavior responds to a change in immigration policy. Consistent with previous research documenting positive effects of DACA on mental health, we find evidence of a significant improvement in immigrants' sleep in response to this policy change. However, the estimated effects of the policy quickly disappear since 2016. While temporary authorization programs, such as DACA, may have beneficial impacts on immigrants' sleep in the short-term, the effects of temporary programs can be rapidly undermined by the uncertainty on their future. Thus, permanent legalization programs may be more effective in achieving long-term effects, eliminating any uncertainty related to the undocumented immigrant legal status.

Keywords: immigration, sleep, mental health, DACA

JEL Classification: J15, I10

Suggested Citation

Giuntella, Osea and Lonsky, Jakub and Mazzonna, Fabrizio and Stella, Luca, Immigration Policy and Immigrants' Sleep: Evidence from Daca. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3648795 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3648795

Osea Giuntella (Contact Author)

University of Oxford ( email )

No Address Available

Jakub Lonsky

University of Pittsburgh

Fabrizio Mazzonna

University of Lugano - Institute of Microeconomics and Public Economics ( email )

Switzerland
+41 58 666 4787 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.usi.ch/en/personal-info?id=2299

Munich Center for the Economics of Ageing (MEA) ( email )

Amalienstraße 33
München, 80799
Germany

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy ( email )

Amalienstraße 33
München, 80799
Germany

Luca Stella

Bocconi University ( email )

Via Sarfatti, 25
Milan, MI 20136
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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