Does Service Provider Matter During a Pandemic? COVID-19 Cases and Deaths Among Nonprofit vs. For-Profit Assisted Living Facilities in Florida

19 Pages Posted: 10 Aug 2020

See all articles by Sarah Larson

Sarah Larson

University of Central Florida

Deborah Carroll

University of Central Florida

Date Written: July 14, 2020

Abstract

When COVID-19 hit the U.S. in early 2020, individuals aged 65+ were identified as a higher risk population. In Florida, Governor DeSantis issued Emergency Order 20-006 to prohibit visitation to facilities housing groups of high-risk people, including assisted living facilities (ALFs). Regardless, 672 ALFs of the 3,119 in Florida had reported at least one positive case of COVID-19 by a resident or staff member as of June 30, 2020. Prior research has highlighted the differences in service delivery between nonprofits and for-profits. This manuscript fills the void of minimal research on nonprofit service delivery during a pandemic. We find that nonprofit ALFs have experienced fewer positive cases of COVID-19 among their residents, but there is no difference between nonprofit and for-profit ALFs in terms of resident deaths. We also find evidence that ALF staff are infecting residents, and the provision of nursing services matters for protecting ALF residents from COVID-19.

Note: Funding: None to declare

Declaration of Interest: None to declare

Keywords: COVID-19, Assisted Living Facilities, Nonprofits, Service Delivery

JEL Classification: L33, L38, I18

Suggested Citation

Larson, Sarah and Carroll, Deborah, Does Service Provider Matter During a Pandemic? COVID-19 Cases and Deaths Among Nonprofit vs. For-Profit Assisted Living Facilities in Florida (July 14, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3651404 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3651404

Sarah Larson (Contact Author)

University of Central Florida ( email )

4364 Scorpius Street
HPA II, Room 238
Orlando, FL 32816-1395
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407-823-5839 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.larsonse.com

Deborah Carroll

University of Central Florida ( email )

528 W. Livingston Street
Suite 446
Orlando, FL 32801
United States

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