Strategic Management Journal, Forthcoming
42 Pages Posted: 18 Aug 2020
Date Written: July 1, 2020
Ownership is fundamental to firm strategy, organization, and governance. Standard ownership concepts—mainly derived from agency and incomplete contracting theories—focus on its incentive effects. However, these concepts and theories neglect ownership’s role as an instrument to match judgment about resource use and governance with the firm’s evolving environment under uncertainty. We develop the concept of ownership competence—the skill with which ownership is used as an instrument to create value—and decompose it into matching competence (what to own), governance competence (how to own), and timing competence (when to own). We describe how property rights of use, appropriation, and transfer relate to the three ownership competences and show how our theory offers a fresh perspective into the role of ownership for value generation.
Keywords: ownership, assets, theory of the firm, economic value creation
JEL Classification: L20, L26, M13, G34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation