Does parameterization affect the complexity of agent-based models?

This is a pre-print of an article forthcoming in the Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization (2021). The final authenticated version is available online at DOI: doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2021.10.007

46 Pages Posted: 19 Aug 2020 Last revised: 3 Nov 2021

See all articles by Jiri Kukacka

Jiri Kukacka

Charles University - Institute of Economic Studies; Czech Academy of Sciences - Institute of Information Theory and Automation

Ladislav Kristoufek

Institute of Information Theory and Automation, Prague; Charles University in Prague

Date Written: July 30, 2021

Abstract

We examine the complexity of financial returns generated by popular agent-based models through studying multifractal properties of such time series. Specifically, we are interested in the sensitivity of the models to their parameter settings and whether some patterns emerge in the connection between complexity and a specific type of parameter. We find that (i) herding behavior mostly boosts the model complexity as measured by multifractality, (ii) various in-built stabilizing factors increase model complexity, while (iii) the role of the intensity of choice, the number of agents, as well as the chartists' representation have rather model-specific effects. Finally, the core feature driving the model complexity seems to be the implementation of a switching mechanism governing agents' interactions. The heterogeneous set of nine analyzed models thus offers some universal concepts that hold across their range. Our results also indicate that complex dynamics are observed not only for the benchmark parameter settings but also for other combinations of parameter values for most models. This opens new avenues for future research and specifically motivates examining the models in more detail by focusing on other dynamic properties in addition to the herein presented multifractality.

Keywords: financial agent-based models, parameterization, complex systems, multifractal sensitivity analysis, detrended fluctuation analysis

JEL Classification: C13, C22, C63, D84, G02, G17

Suggested Citation

Kukacka, Jiri and Kristoufek, Ladislav and Kristoufek, Ladislav, Does parameterization affect the complexity of agent-based models? (July 30, 2021). This is a pre-print of an article forthcoming in the Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization (2021). The final authenticated version is available online at DOI: doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2021.10.007, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3654362 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3654362

Jiri Kukacka (Contact Author)

Charles University - Institute of Economic Studies ( email )

Opletalova 26
Prague 1, CZ-11000
Czech Republic

HOME PAGE: http://ies.fsv.cuni.cz/en/staff/kukacka

Czech Academy of Sciences - Institute of Information Theory and Automation ( email )

Pod Vodarenskou vezi 4
Prague 8, CZ-18200
Czech Republic

HOME PAGE: http://www.utia.cas.cz/people/kukacka

Ladislav Kristoufek

Institute of Information Theory and Automation, Prague ( email )

Pod vodarenskou vezi 4
Praha, CZ-18208
Czech Republic

Charles University in Prague ( email )

Celetná 13
Praha 1, 116 36
Czech Republic

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