Structural Equation Model for Awareness, Accessibility, and Utilization of Thailand Universal Health Coverage System

Asian Administration & Management Review, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2019

PSAKU International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Forthcoming

9 Pages Posted: 17 Aug 2020

See all articles by Akaranant Kidsom

Akaranant Kidsom

Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University, Thailand

Non Vorlapanit

Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University, Thailand

Date Written: July 1, 2019

Abstract

Thailand's Universal Health Coverage (UHC) system was implemented in 2002. The system was being reviewed as successful. However, there are some challenges faced, especially issues of awareness, accessibility, and utilization among the beneficiaries. This paper employs a Structural Equation Model-SEM in explaining awareness and accessibility of the system. Main purpose of the study is to explore the effects of awareness and accessibility on level of utilization of the system. Data were collected in 6 areas of the Bangkok metropolitan, each comprising 6 7 cases, a totaling of 4 0 2 cases. Latent variables were constructed using exploratory factor analysis-EFA. The variables then were entered in the SEM. There are eight components found in the EFA procedures, all of which were consistent with theoretical components. From the SEM model, The higher the awareness, the higher the accessibility as well as the utilization of the system. Likewise, an increasing in accessibility also promoted utilization. Although the individual factors such as income, age, and education may not be able to prove relating with the utilization of the system, findings suggested that the specific knowledge of right especially in case of an emergency, right for compensation, and increasing in information flow would help promoting awareness hence accessibility and utilization of the system.

Keywords: Universal Health Care, Awareness, Accessibility, Utilization

Suggested Citation

Kidsom, Akaranant and Vorlapanit, Non, Structural Equation Model for Awareness, Accessibility, and Utilization of Thailand Universal Health Coverage System (July 1, 2019). Asian Administration & Management Review, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2019, PSAKU International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3654545

Akaranant Kidsom (Contact Author)

Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University, Thailand ( email )

50 Ngam Wong Wan Rd, Lat Yao Chatuchak
Bangkok 10900
Thailand

Non Vorlapanit

Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University, Thailand ( email )

50 Ngam Wong Wan Rd, Lat Yao Chatuchak
Bangkok 10900
Thailand

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
91
Abstract Views
292
Rank
524,147
PlumX Metrics