Enfranchisement, Political Participation and Political Competition: Evidence from Colonial India

52 Pages Posted: 29 Jul 2020

See all articles by Guilhem Cassan

Guilhem Cassan

University of Namur

Lakshmi Iyer

Harvard Business School - Business, Government and the International Economy Unit

Rinchan Ali Mirza

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abstract

We examine how political participation and political competition are shaped by two class-based extensions of the franchise in 20th-century India. Creating a new dataset of district level political outcomes between 1921 and 1957, we find that the partial franchise extension of 1935 resulted in significantly lower incumbency advantage, while the institution of universal adult suffrage in 1950 resulted in increased candidacy. Both these franchise extensions resulted in decreased voter turnout rates, suggesting that newly enfranchised voters are less engaged in the political process.

JEL Classification: D72, N45, P16

Suggested Citation

Cassan, Guilhem and Iyer, Lakshmi and Mirza, Rinchan Ali, Enfranchisement, Political Participation and Political Competition: Evidence from Colonial India. IZA Discussion Paper No. 13476, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3654913

Guilhem Cassan (Contact Author)

University of Namur ( email )

No Address Available

Lakshmi Iyer

Harvard Business School - Business, Government and the International Economy Unit ( email )

Cambridge, MA
United States

Rinchan Ali Mirza

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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