Does the Covid-19 Pandemic Improve Global Air Quality? New Cross-National Evidence on its Unintended Consequences

46 Pages Posted: 29 Jul 2020

See all articles by Hai-Anh Dang

Hai-Anh Dang

World Bank - Development Data Group (DECDG); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Indiana University Bloomington - School of Public & Environmental Affairs (SPEA); Global Labor Organization (GLO); Vietnam National University Ha Noi; Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences (VASS) - Centre for Analysis and Forecasting

Trong-Anh Trinh

World Bank

Abstract

Despite a growing literature on the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, scant evidence currently exists on its impacts on air quality. We offer the first study that provides cross-national evidence on the causal impacts of COVID-19 on air pollution. We assemble a rich database consisting of daily, sub-national level data of air quality for 178 countries before and after the COVID-19 lockdowns, and investigate their impacts on air quality using a Regression Discontinuity Design approach.We find the lockdowns to result in significant decreases in global air pollution. These results are consistent across measures of air quality and data sources and robust to various model specifications. Some limited evidence also emerges that countries with a higher share of manufacturing in the economy or with an initial lower level of air pollution witness more reduced air pollution after the lockdowns; but the opposite result holds for countries near the equator. We also find that mobility restrictions following the lockdowns is a possible explanation for improved air quality.

JEL Classification: D00, H00, O13, Q50

Suggested Citation

Dang, Hai-Anh H. and Trinh, Trong-Anh, Does the Covid-19 Pandemic Improve Global Air Quality? New Cross-National Evidence on its Unintended Consequences. IZA Discussion Paper No. 13480, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3654917

Hai-Anh H. Dang (Contact Author)

World Bank - Development Data Group (DECDG) ( email )

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IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

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Indiana University Bloomington - School of Public & Environmental Affairs (SPEA) ( email )

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United States

Global Labor Organization (GLO) ( email )

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Vietnam National University Ha Noi ( email )

Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences (VASS) - Centre for Analysis and Forecasting ( email )

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Hanoi
Vietnam

Trong-Anh Trinh

World Bank

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