Intellectual Capital and Firm Performance of U.S. Multinational Firms: A Study of the Resource-Based and Stakeholder Views
University of Illinois at Chicago - Department of Accounting
The resource-based view of the firm maintains that firms achieve a sustainable comparative advantage and earn superior profits by owning or controlling tangible as well as intangible strategic assets. The stakeholder view recommends that a better measure of financial performance than accounting profit is the total wealth created or net value added. Accordingly, this study examines the relationship between a return on total assets based on net value added and the specific intangible asset of intellectual capital to test the resource view of the firm. The results using a sample of U.S. multinational firms are statistically significant in support of both the resource-based and stakeholder views.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 26
Keywords: intellectual capital, value added reporting, resource-based view, stakeholder view
JEL Classification: M41, M44
Date posted: January 27, 2003