Productive Integration, Economic Recession and Employment in Europe: An Assessment Based on Vertically Integrated Sectors

17 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2020

See all articles by Davide Villani

Davide Villani

The Open University; Goldsmith College, University of London

Marta Fana

European Union - European Commission Joint Research Center

Date Written: July 20, 2020

Abstract

The COVID-19 crisis has revamped the discussion about the redefinition of GVC. This paper contributes to the debate, analysing the productive relationships between European countries in four key manufacturing activities. In particular, the paper addresses two objectives. First, it maps the degree of productive integration in Europe, focusing on the generation of employment in the production of exported intermediate inputs and final goods. Second, it provides a preliminary assessment of the potential impact on employment that the current economic crisis will have on some manufacturing activities across Europe. The analysis is realised employing the concept of vertically integrated labour (Pasinetti, 1973) which allows to account for the employment directly and indirectly involved in the production of final goods. The estimations are derived from Multi-Regional Input-Output tables to map the supply chain and to differentiate between the employment involved in the production of exported intermediate inputs and final goods. The results show that most of the employment involved in the production of final output of the activities studied in the paper is linked to international trade. Although Europe shows a high degree of productive links, there are important differences in the modality of insertion in the productive structure of European countries. Moreover, the impact on the level of employment due to the current economic crisis can be significant, affecting more than 1.3 million of people in Europe. These results are relevant to policy makers, who should consider carefully the high degree of linkages of the European economies when designing measure of support to the economy.

Keywords: Vertically integrated labour, COVID-19, Global value chains, Productive integration

JEL Classification: C67, J21, L16

Suggested Citation

Villani, Davide and Fana, Marta, Productive Integration, Economic Recession and Employment in Europe: An Assessment Based on Vertically Integrated Sectors (July 20, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3656296 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3656296

Davide Villani (Contact Author)

The Open University ( email )

Walton Hall
Milton Keynes, MK6 7AA
United Kingdom

Goldsmith College, University of London ( email )

Lewisham Way
New Cross, SE14 6NW
United Kingdom

Marta Fana

European Union - European Commission Joint Research Center

Edificio Expo C
Inca Garcilaso, s/n
Sevilla, Sevilla E-41092
Spain

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