Geheime Detentiecentra in Oost-Europa: de Aansprakelijkheid van Staten voor Medeplichtigheid bij Ernstige Mensenrechten-schendingen in de Strijd tegen Terrorisme (Secret Detention Sites in Eastern Europe: State Responsibility for Complicity in Serious Human Rights Violations in the War on Terror)

Marijke Malsch and Jan Willem Sap (eds.), Veilige Stad 2: Orde en verwarring in de stad (Boom Criminologie, 2020)

Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2020-41

Amsterdam Center for International Law No. 2020-16

26 Pages Posted: 21 Jul 2020 Last revised: 23 Jul 2020

See all articles by Joëlle Trampert

Joëlle Trampert

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam Center for International Law; University of Amsterdam - Rethinking SLIC Project

Goran Sluiter

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Law; Rethinking SLIC Project

Date Written: July 20, 2020

Abstract

This chapter discusses to what extent Council of Europe Member States have been held responsible for their collaboration (i.e. by providing secret detention sites) with the CIA in the United States' extraordinary rendition program. To answer this question, we first discuss the background and organisation of the extraordinary rendition program in general and the secret detention sites on European soil. Second, we address several aspects of the case law of the European Court of Human Rights: the attribution of conduct in violation of articles 3 and 5 of the European Convention on Human Rights; the knowledge on the part of the Council of Europe Member States; the role and significance of diplomatic assurances; and, lastly, the distribution of the burden of proof by the Court.

Keywords: international human rights law, european court of human rights, complicity, war on terror, diplomatic guarantees, burden of proof, european convention on human rights, torture

JEL Classification: K14, K33, K41, K42, K4

Suggested Citation

Trampert, Joëlle and Sluiter, Goran, Geheime Detentiecentra in Oost-Europa: de Aansprakelijkheid van Staten voor Medeplichtigheid bij Ernstige Mensenrechten-schendingen in de Strijd tegen Terrorisme (Secret Detention Sites in Eastern Europe: State Responsibility for Complicity in Serious Human Rights Violations in the War on Terror) (July 20, 2020). Marijke Malsch and Jan Willem Sap (eds.), Veilige Stad 2: Orde en verwarring in de stad (Boom Criminologie, 2020), Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2020-41, Amsterdam Center for International Law No. 2020-16, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3656327 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3656327

Joëlle Trampert (Contact Author)

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam Center for International Law ( email )

P.O. Box 1030
Amsterdam, 1000 BA
Netherlands

University of Amsterdam - Rethinking SLIC Project ( email )

Nieuwe Achtergracht 166, 1000 BA Amsterdam
Amsterdam

Goran Sluiter

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Law ( email )

Amsterdam, 1018 WB
Netherlands

Rethinking SLIC Project ( email )

Nieuwe Achtergracht 166, 1000 BA Amsterdam
Amsterdam

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