COVID-19 and Women’s Health: Examining Changes in Mental Health and Fertility

21 Pages Posted: 25 Jul 2020 Last revised: 2 May 2021

See all articles by Adan Silverio-Murillo

Adan Silverio-Murillo

School of Government, Tecnologico de Monterrey

Lauren Hoehn-Velasco

Georgia State University - Andrew Young School of Policy Studies

Jose Roberto Balmori de la Miyar

University Anahuac Mexico, Business and Economics School

Abel Rodriguez

Tecnológico de Monterrey

Date Written: September 1, 2020

Abstract

Researchers have speculated that the economic and social consequences of COVID-19 will harm women's health. This paper tests this claim in the immediate aftermath of Mexico City's COVID-19 stay-at-home order using call-center data. We use an event-study design to track calls for fertility decisions and mental health. Our findings indicate that mental health worsened during the pandemic. Anxiety increased substantially, with the effect is most pronounced for those over 45. Calls related to abortion fell in number, while pregnancy calls remained stable. The abortion effect is most pronounced for women between 15 and 30 and those with a high school degree.

Keywords: Women; Fertility; Mental Health; Health; COVID-19; Mexico

JEL Classification: J12, J16, J18

Suggested Citation

Silverio-Murillo, Adan and Hoehn-Velasco, Lauren and Balmori de la Miyar, Jose Roberto and Rodriguez, Abel, COVID-19 and Women’s Health: Examining Changes in Mental Health and Fertility (September 1, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3656596 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3656596

Adan Silverio-Murillo

School of Government, Tecnologico de Monterrey ( email )

Calle del Puente 222
Mexico City, 04210
Mexico

Lauren Hoehn-Velasco (Contact Author)

Georgia State University - Andrew Young School of Policy Studies ( email )

Department of Economics
35 Broad Street, 6th Floor
Atlanta, GA 30303-3083
United States

Jose Roberto Balmori de la Miyar

University Anahuac Mexico, Business and Economics School ( email )

Av de las Torres 131
Olivar de los Padres
Mexico City, Mexico City 01780
Mexico

Abel Rodriguez

Tecnológico de Monterrey ( email )

Av. Revolución 756,
Nonoalco, Benito Juárez
Ciudad de México, 03700
Mexico

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