Advanced Technology of 18th – 20th Century Roof Crown as a Decorative Arts Islamic Mosque in Central Malacca, Malacca
International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology, 11(6), 2020, pp. 471-484.
14 Pages Posted: 27 Aug 2020
Date Written: 2020
The mosque is an important institution for the development of the spiritual and social life of the Muslim community. There are various styles and designs of mosques. This can be seen especially at the mosque in Malacca where it has a Sino-electic influence, or also known as the mosque’s roof which has a two-tiered and three-tiered overlapping pyramid hip roof. The mosque design in Malacca has its uniqueness in terms of the decorative elements in the mosque’s roof, which is known as the crown of the mosque’s roof. The decorative crown of the mosque’s roof has several important characteristics that make it a very unique design and attractive, which of them has the basic square, pyramid-shaped, terraced, and has a decorative standpoint. However, the number of the crown of the mosque’s roof in Malacca has been steadily declining. Therefore, the main purpose of this paper is to classification the typology and decorative elements of the crown of the mosque’s roof which is available at the mosque’s roof located in Central Malacca, Malacca. Consequently, it can provide the public with a better understanding of the usage of local Islamic art decoration. This research was conducted using qualitative methods that involved a combination of library research and field studies using drone technology to carry out the documentation design work of the crowns on the roofs of mosques displayed around the District of Central Malacca. Meanwhile, a typological analysis approach was used to detail and classification the design of these roof crowns. The results of the study found that the differences in the typology of each ornament crown on the mosque’s roof have various motifs applied to the art design of the crown on the mosque’s roof, which is based on local Islam art.
Keywords: Mosque; Roof crown; Malacca; Typology; Ornament
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation