Portfolio Selection under Median and Quantile Maximization
71 Pages Posted: 20 Aug 2020
Date Written: July 22, 2020
In this paper, we study a portfolio selection problem in which an agent trades a risk-free asset and multiple risky assets with deterministic mean return rates and volatility and wants to maximize the alpha-quantile of her wealth at some terminal time. Because of the time inconsistency caused by quantiles, we consider intra-personal equilibrium strategies. We find that among the class of time-varying, affine portfolio strategies, the intra-personal equilibrium does not exist when alpha>1/2, leads to zero investment in the risky assets when alpha<1/2, and is a portfolio insurance strategy when alpha=1/2. We then compare the intra-personal equilibrium strategy in the case of alpha=1/2, namely under median maximization, to some other strategies and apply it to explain why more wealthy people invest more precentage of wealth in risky assets. Finally, we extend our model to account for multiple terminal time.
Keywords: quantiles, median, portfolio selection, intra-persional equilibrium, portfolio insurance
JEL Classification: G11
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