The First Months of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spain

36 Pages Posted: 5 Aug 2020 Last revised: 21 Aug 2020

See all articles by Josefa Henriquez

Josefa Henriquez

University of Bologna

Eduardo Gonzalo Almorox

Value in Health Economics and Policy Group

Manuel Garcia-Goñi

Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM)

Francesco Paolucci

University of Newcastle (Australia) - Newcastle Business School

Date Written: July 23, 2020

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 outbreak has led to an unprecedented crisis in Spain. After Italy, the spread of the virus was quick, and Spain became the second epicenter in Europe by number of cases and deceased. To tackle the outbreak and contain the spread, the Spanish authorities undertook exceptional measures based on a generalized lockdown by which the majority of the economic activity ceased for several weeks.

Objectives: The goal of this paper is to examine the spread of COVID-19 in Spain from February to May 2020, as well as the public policies and technologies used to contain the evolution of the pandemic. In particular it aims to assess the effectivity of the policies applied within the different autonomous communities.

Methods: Data was collected from various official sources, including government reports, press releases and datasets provided institutions at national and international level. Results: In general, we show that the main measure to contain the spread of the pandemic based on a stringent confinement policy enforced through fines, resulted also in a substantial reduction in the mobility and the economic activity. We also focus on the evolution of the pandemic at a regional level showing that the negative consequences of the crisis affected differently across regions.

Note: Funding: None to declare

Declaration of Interest: None to declare

Keywords: COVID-19, Spain, policy and technology

Suggested Citation

Henriquez, Josefa and Gonzalo Almorox, Eduardo and Garcia-Goñi, Manuel and Paolucci, Francesco, The First Months of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spain (July 23, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3659377 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3659377

Josefa Henriquez (Contact Author)

University of Bologna ( email )

Piazza Scaravilli 2
Bologna, 40100
Italy

Eduardo Gonzalo Almorox

Value in Health Economics and Policy Group ( email )

Spain

Manuel Garcia-Goñi

Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) ( email )

Carretera de Humera s/n
Madrid, Madrid 28223
Spain

Francesco Paolucci

University of Newcastle (Australia) - Newcastle Business School ( email )

City Campus East – 231
Newcastle-Upon-Tyne NE1 8ST, NE1 8ST
Australia

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