How do House Prices Respond to Mortgage Supply?
30 Pages Posted: 24 Jul 2020
Date Written: June 26, 2020
We examine the impact of household mortgages on house prices. Using biannual data on Italian cities for the years 2003-2015, we build an exogenous and fully data-driven indicator of mortgage supply stances and use it as an instrument for actual extended mortgages. Our results indicate that mortgages have a positive and significant causal effect on house prices, with an estimated elasticity of around 0.1. The estimated effect is larger during the expansionary phase of the housing cycle. We also find evidence of significant spatial heterogeneity: mortgages push real estate values higher in cities where the housing supply curve is less elastic or households are more dependent on external finance.
Keywords: mortgage supply, house prices, local housing market
JEL Classification: G21, R21, R51
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation