Which Jobs Are Lost during a Lockdown? Evidence from Vacancy Postings in India

32 Pages Posted: 6 Aug 2020

See all articles by Gaurav Chiplunkar

Gaurav Chiplunkar

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business

Erin Kelley

World Bank - Development Research Group

Gregory Lane

American University - Department of Economics

Date Written: August 03, 2020

Abstract

We rely on real-time data from one of India’s largest job portals (Shine.com) to study how COVID-19 (and the associated lockdown measures) impacted the Indian labor market. Detailed firm-level vacancy postings reveal a dramatic contraction in hiring: the number of firms posting jobs, and the number of new vacancies they list decline by 60% and 34%, respectively. Firms react to the lockdown by advertising more jobs that can be completed from home and fewer positions in occupations that can be easily automated. Furthermore, certain job-seekers are more affected than others, as employers post fewer entry-level jobs, and require higher levels of experience and education. Finally, we find that female-dominated industries and occupations are most severely impacted, suggesting the pandemic has a higher burden on women.

Keywords: Jobs, Vacancies, Gender, Youth, COVID-19

JEL Classification: E24, J16, J23, J63, M51, O38

Suggested Citation

Chiplunkar, Gaurav and Kelley, Erin and Lane, Gregory, Which Jobs Are Lost during a Lockdown? Evidence from Vacancy Postings in India (August 03, 2020). Darden Business School Working Paper No. 3659916, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3659916 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3659916

Gaurav Chiplunkar (Contact Author)

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business ( email )

P.O. Box 6550
Charlottesville, VA 22906-6550
United States

Erin Kelley

World Bank - Development Research Group ( email )

Washington, DC 20433
United States

Gregory Lane

American University - Department of Economics ( email )

4400 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20016
United States

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