Economic Policy Uncertainty in Latin America: Measurement using Spanish Newspapers and Economic Spillovers
66 Pages Posted: 28 Jul 2020
Date Written: July 27, 2020
We construct Economic Policy Uncertainty (EPU) indexes for a number of Latin American (LA) economies (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Venezuela) and the region as a whole based on the Spanish press. Our measures are comparable across countries. We study the macroeconomic effects of LA EPU shocks on the analyzed American economies and the Spanish economy. To study the international spillover effects on the Spanish economy we carry out two exercises by means of vector autoregression models. First, we estimate responses to unexpected shocks in LA EPU of the quotations of Spanish companies which are highly exposed to Latin America. Second, we study the impact of LA EPU shocks on Spanish macroeconomic aggregates. Unexpected shocks in LA EPU dampen signicantly the commercial relationship between Spain and LA countries. Spanish firms decrease their exports and foreign direct investments towards LA countries that experience negative shocks in EPU.
Keywords: economic policy uncertainty, uncertainty shocks, Latin America’s economies
JEL Classification: D8, C43, E2, E3
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