The Financial Position of the Workers Most Affected by the Pandemic: An Analysis Drawing on the Spanish Survey of Household Finances

15 Pages Posted: 30 Jul 2020

See all articles by Pilar Alvargonzález

Pilar Alvargonzález

Banco de España

Myroslav Pidkuyko

Banco de España; University of Manchester - Department of Economics

Ernesto Villanueva

Banco de España - Research Department

Date Written: July 22, 2020

Abstract

In the European economies, employment in the retail sector, in accommodation and food services and in the arts and recreation activities has been hit especially hard by the pandemic, so it is important to ascertain the financial resources that the individuals working in these sectors have available to withstand a possible fall in their income. This article draws on the Banco de España’s Survey of Household Finances (EFF, by its Spanish abbreviation) to characterise the financial position of the workers most affected by the present crisis. In 2017, these sectors employed approximately half of all women and the under-35s, two population groups with relatively lower labour income levels. In many cases, these workers lived in households that included higher income earners, which may partially mitigate the incidence of possible job losses. Even so, in 2017, 28% of those employed in the sectors affected lived in households whose financial assets amounted to less than one month’s income, and one in 12 lived in households for which debt repayments amounted to more than 40% of their pre-tax income. Among the workers in the sectors most affected by the pandemic, the financial position of those who were less able to work from home and those employed in the accommodation and food services and arts and recreation sectors was relatively more vulnerable.

Keywords: COVID-19, inequality, individual and household income, teleworking, household finance.

JEL Classification: E21, G51, J21.

Suggested Citation

Alvargonzález, Pilar and Pidkuyko, Myroslav and Villanueva, Ernesto, The Financial Position of the Workers Most Affected by the Pandemic: An Analysis Drawing on the Spanish Survey of Household Finances (July 22, 2020). Banco de Espana Article 23/20, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3661500

Pilar Alvargonzález

Banco de España ( email )

Alcala 50
Madrid 28014
Spain

Myroslav Pidkuyko

Banco de España ( email )

Alcala 50
Madrid 28014
Spain

University of Manchester - Department of Economics ( email )

Arthur Lewis Building
Oxford Road
Manchester, M13 9PL
United Kingdom
447538278604 (Phone)

Ernesto Villanueva (Contact Author)

Banco de España - Research Department ( email )

Alcala 50
28014 Madrid
Spain

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