The Importance of Earth Reference Controls in Spaceflight – Omics Experiments: Dissecting Transcriptional Responses of Nucleolin Mutants to Red Light Stimulation
32 Pages Posted: 11 Aug 2020 Publication Status: PublishedMore...
Understanding plant adaptive responses to the space environment is a requisite for enabling space farming. Spaceflight produces deleterious effects on plant cells, particularly affecting ribosome biogenesis, a complex stress-sensitive process coordinated with cell division and differentiation, known to be activated by red light. Here, we have used mutants from the two nucleolin genes in Arabidopsis (NUC1 and NUC2), encoding the main regulator of the ribosome biogenesis in the nucleolus, in order to better understand their role in adaptive response mechanisms to stress. Thus, we show that nucleolin stress-related gene NUC2 can compensate the environmental stress provided by darkness in nuc1 plants, while nuc2 plants are not able to provide a complete response to red light. These ground control findings, as part of the ESA/NASA Seedling Growth spaceflight experiments will determine the basis for the identification of a genetic background enabling an adaptive advantage for plants in future space experiments.
Keywords: Arabidopsis, Ground controls, Nucleolus, Stress response, RNA-Seq, Spaceflight
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