China's Legal System and the WTO: Prospects for Compliance
25 Pages Posted: 30 Jan 2003
The impact of WTO membership both on China and its trading partners, both for good and for ill, has been greatly overstated. WTO treaty obligations and Dispute Settlement Body rulings will not become part of Chinese domestic unless specifically incorporated by Chinese legislation. Moreover, the WTO does not require a perfect legal system of its members; instead, it requires a degree of transparency and fairness in certain limited areas. Although some of China's WTO commitments will be difficult for it to fulfill, even non-fulfillment will not result in the predicted flood of WTO dispute settlement proceedings, since such proceedings can be brought only by member governments with their own particular set of priorities, diplomatic considerations, and limited resources.
Keywords: China, Chinese law, World Trade Organization, WTO, international law, trade law, treaty law, Asian law, comparative law
JEL Classification: F02, F13, K29, K33, K40, P33, P37
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